|The local Scottish Rite organization, called a "Valley," confers the 4th through 32nd degrees in degree-conferring
meetings. The Scottish Rite is sometimes called the "College of Freemasonry," because it uses extensive allegory and
drama to emphasize the message of its degrees. The degree work may, but not necessarily, be completed at one time.
The Scottish Rite shares the belief of all Masonic organizations that there is no higher degree than that of Master Mason.
The degrees are in addition to, and in no way "higher" than, those of Blue Lodge, or Craft Lodge, Masonry. Scottish Rite
degrees simply amplify and elaborate on the lessons of the craft, providing further knowledge of Masonry, the building of
the Temple, and ancient religions, with memorable lessons ranging from the days of chivalry to modern times. 1895 is
when the Supreme Councils of the Southern Jurisdiction (PHA) and the Southern and Western Jurisdiction formally split
and 1900 when the Imperial Grand Council Ancient Egyptian Arabic Order Nobles of the Mystic Shrine (PHA) split from
our Imperial Grand Council Ancient Arabic Order Nobles of the Mystic Shrine.
Scottish Rite Degrees
The Degrees of the Scottish Rite are one-act plays often staged with costume, scenery, special effects, and the full rigging
of any production. Their purpose is to examine different philosophies, ancient religions, and systems of ethics. Through all
of these, people have tried to answer certain universal questions. The Degrees of the Rite do not tell a person what he
should think about these questions. Instead, they tell him about what great thinkers and civilizations of the past have
thought, and they try to create a situation in which the candidate or Brother can gain insight. Agreeing with Socrates that
the unexamined life is not worth living, the Rite helps with this self-examination by providing reference points.
Theatre is the oldest known means of teaching, especially of teaching abstract ideas. It was one of the principal means of
instruction in the Middle Ages as well as in ancient Greece and Rome. Masonry borrows the techniques of theatre to make
its lessons more impressive and to aid the candidate in forming the beginnings of what it is hoped will be a lifelong pattern
of study and thought. Most of the Degrees are set in ancient Israel because it is from the legends surrounding King
Solomon's Temple that Masonry takes many of its parables and lessons. Ancient Egypt and Medieval Europe also serve as
Almost every Master Mason who is afforded an opportunity to petition for the Scottish Rite Degrees naturally raises the
question in his mind, "Why should I take the Scottish Rite Degrees?" It is a fair and quite appropriate question for him to
ask as it is of utmost importance that the prospective initiate have a clear and definite understanding of what the Rite
stands for and is endeavoring to accomplish. Here are a few reasons.
The Scottish Rite Degrees give us a sense of historical values and standards. Today is the child of yesterday, and no one
can understand the significance of the epochal events that are shaking the world unless he sees them from the vantage
point of history. Out of the crises of the past, man has discovered principles that are as solid as the mountains, as
enduring as the stars.
The moral truths that prevailed in Jerusalem, Athens, and Rome are just as valid, just as imperative in the digital 21st
century. In his confidence in the reality of these principles, man has built his faith in the permanent value of moral truth.
Here is to be found the basis of optimism, of faith in the free institutions, and of confidence in a civilization resting on
ethical principles. No man can witness the Degrees of the Scottish Rite and be either a cynic or a pessimist. They renew his
faith in God, in man, and in the process of history.
The Scottish Rite Degrees put into picturesque but explicit language the civic and social ideals implicit in the Blue Lodge
Degrees. For centuries, Freemasonry has been a tremendous force for enlightenment, freedom, and social progress in
Europe and in the Americas. It was neither caprice nor mere prejudice that caused the Nazis and Fascists to proscribe
Freemasonry. Why did the Nazi oppressors hate Masonry? Why did they violate the sacred emblems of the Craft? Why did
they hunt down with ruthless cruelty our Masonic leaders? Particularly, why did the totalitarians persecute "Masons of all
Degrees"? They knew that tyranny is threatened wherever a Masonic Lodge or Temple exists.
Freemasonry is a compelling and conquering spiritual force, and the reasons are revealed in the Scottish Rite Degrees.
Scottish Freemasonry is the foe of intolerance, fanaticism, and superstition. It battles every form of racial and sectarian
prejudice and bigotry. It is a mighty exponent of freedom in thought, religion, and government. Thus, the Scottish Rite is a
rite of instruction. It interprets the symbols and allegories of Masonry in the light of history and philosophy using the
words of the supreme prophets of humanity, ceremonies of the great religions of the world, and significant episodes from
history to point the moral and adorn the tale.
The Scottish Rite makes application of the doctrines of Freemasonry to every realm of human activity. The individual
Mason is taught to put into practice in his personal life and thought the lessons learned in the Blue Lodge.
Socially, the Scottish Rite is Freemasonry Militant, not in the sense of propaganda and agitation, nor by endorsing specific
causes or sponsoring particular political movements, but by showing through illustrations from history and human
evolution how the Mason may make his influence felt for the principles of free thought, free government, free education,
and free religion. The Scottish Rite Mason is the foe of intolerance, bigotry, and ignorance in all their forms. That is what
the Scottish Rite Degrees are all about.
The degrees of the Scottish Rite are divided into six sections, originally there were seven, but the 15th and 16th Degrees
(originally a section to itself called the Council of Princes of Jerusalem) were merged with the Chapter of Rose Croix.
There are four coordinate bodies within the Scottish Rite Southern Jurisdiction:
1. Lodge of Perfection, 4°-14° (presiding officer - Venerable Master)
2. Chapter of Rose Croix, 15°-18° (presiding officer - Wise Master)
3. Council of Kadosh, 19°- 30° (presiding officer - Commander)
4. Consistory, 31°- 32° (presiding officer - Master of Kadosh)
Some Valleys may not have all four divisions. In such cases, their candidates receive Council, Chapter or Consistory work
in neighboring Valleys.
In addition, we have added a new section which we call The Court of Honour.
1. Knight Commander of the Court of Honour, K:.C:.C:.H:.
The Scottish Rite confers a number of honors upon members who have contributed extraordinary service to the Rite, to
Masonry in general, and to the world at large. The first of these is the Rank and Decoration of a Knight Commander of
the Court of Honour (KCCH), which may be conferred after a minimum of 46 months of membership (usually much
longer) and is strictly limited in numbers. A KCCH may, after 46 months at that rank (but usually longer), receive the
33rd degree, Inspector General Honorary. This award is even more limited in numbers than the KCCH.
2. Inspector General Honorary, 33o
All Scottish Rite jurisdictions nominate a select few members to receive the 33rd Degree, Inspector General Honorary, in
recognition of outstanding service to the Rite, or in public life, to the principles taught in the degrees. In the Southern
Jurisdiction, the Supreme Council chooses 33rd degree members from among those who have previously received the rank
and decoration of Knight Commander Court of Honor. The KCCH is bestowed in a Ceremonial of Investiture in
recognition of outstanding service to the Rite, or in public life, to the principles taught in the degrees.
3. Grand Cross of the Court of Honour
Finally, a very small number of 33rd Degree Inspectors General Honorary may be recognized with the Grand Cross of the
Court of Honor; at the present time, there are perhaps an average of three or four GC's per state. These honors are voted
on biennially at the Session of the Supreme Council and conferred in various locations around the country in groups. The
Supreme Council of the Southern Western Jurisdiction consists of no more than 33 Active 33rd Degree Scottish Rite
Masons, known as Sovereign Grand Inspectors General, no more than one per state/Orient. As there are more than 33
Orients, some will be governed by a Deputy. The Supreme Council is governed by a Sovereign Grand Commander. Unlike
the Grand Master in Symbolic Masonry, these appointments are for life, although there are some provisions for
retirement at advanced age. Replacements for these positions are made at the biennial Session of the Supreme Council.