General Grand Masonic Congress (GGMC)
The Birth of the General Grand Masonic Congress:
The Masonic order  of  the General Grand Masonic Congress, A. F. & A. M. has long since been a member of  the Masonic order in the U. S. A. Organized under a different
name; The General Grand Masonic Congress was first formed as
The National Grand Lodge on June 27th 1847 in Boston, Massachusetts. However, on August 9th, 1889 at
Cleveland, Ohio, the (late) ILL. John G. Jones 33rd revived and reorganized this national body and the name was changed to
The General Grand Masonic Congress
(GGMC)
, Ancient Free & Accepted Masons of the United States of America and Canada. Its Holy See is at Washington, DC where it is an incorporated nonprofit corporation
affiliated with the Southern & Western United  Supreme Council (USC). In 1895 John G. Jones, Lt. Sovereign Grand Commander of The United Supreme Council Southern
and Western, set up John G. Jones Consistory #1 in Washington D.C. Members were becoming members in this new Consistory. Grand Master Hamilton Smith of
Washington, D.C. issued an edit forbidding any of his member to hold membership in this Consistory. These members had to renounce their membership or be expelled from
his Grand Lodge. The members felt that the edit from Grand Master Hamilton Smith was wrong and appealed to the Grand Master who denied their appeals. The Grand
Lodge then split and became the present day
Most Worshipful Prince Hall Grand Lodge F & A.M. and the Most Worshipful Grand Lodge A. F. & A. M. These two Grand
Lodges are still active in Washington, DC. (Note: John G. Jones Consistory #1 has been active in Washington, D.C. since 1895 and is the oldest Consistory in our Supreme
Council the U. S. C. S. W. J.).
Hence, ILL. John G. Jones went to Romania in 1895 to receive a legal and binding Warrant from the Grand Lodge of Romania to Legally work and establish other Grand
Lodges in the Jurisdiction of the United States & Canada.
Note: Because the "Mother Grand Lodge" The Most Worshipful A. F & A. M. was officially born in 1895, ALL the
affiliated Grand Lodges under the G.G.M.C.'s Jurisdiction affiliated with the United Supreme Council Southern & Western Jurisdiction A. F & A. M. all were born from
The
Most Worshipful Grand Lodge A. F. & A. M.
; which received its Warrant & Charter from The Grand Lodge of Romania in 1895 to work in the United States & Canada.
Meaning Only those Grand Lodges that are current Members of the G. G. M. C. or affiliated with The Most Worshipful Grand Lodge A. F. & A. M. can claim its history and
lineage. All other Grand Lodges claiming our lineage are splits or non-affiliated organizations because the Warrant to Organize and Work in the United States of America
was given to John G. Jones & The Most Worshipful Grand Lodge as its Holy See in Washington, D. C. This National Organization of A.F.& A.M. was formed to act as an
advisory and administrative body of the Fraternity, not governing body to its member Grand Lodges. The United Supreme Council is a part of The Ancient and Accepted
Scottish Rite Order of Freemasonry for the Southern and Western Masonic Jurisdiction of the U.S.A. and Canada; it was later organized on April 5, 1869 in the city of
Washington, D.C., by many high degree Masons from  Washington, D.C. who regulate Scottish Rite Masonry from the fourth to the thirty-third degrees. Each of these bodies
serve the purpose of  giving the Masonic student a cleaner insight into the realm's Masonic perfection, and render to him similar service as the college renders to the high
school graduate.
The Birth of the Southern & Western Jurisdiction:
In the year 1856, several members of Washington DC petitioned King David Supreme Council of Philadelphia PA. for the Scottish Rite degrees. On May 5, 1856 they were
given the Scottish Rite degrees. They worked under King David Supreme Council from 1856 – 1869 at which time they wanted to administer the Scottish Rite degrees
themselves. In the year 1869, Edward M. Thomas 33rd , John P. Costan 33rd , John A. Gray 33rd , Henry H. Dade 33rd , John H. Smallwood 33rd , Adolphus Hall 33rd ,
and several others residing in the city of Washington D.C.
petitioned to have a Supreme Council of the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite duly organized and constituted at
Washington, D.C. That is when W. M. Thompson 33rd , Jonathan Davis 33rd , J. W. Warlett 33rd , W. H. Riley 33rd , Cyrus G. Burton 33rd , J.W. Henderson 33rd, and
George W. Hopewell 33rd of the King David Supreme Council of Philadelphia, PA. on the
5 th day of April, 1869, in the city of Washington, D.C. and in compliance with the
Grand Constitutions of 1786, regularly organized and opened a Supreme Council of the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite for the Southern and Western Masonic
Jurisdiction, United States of America. The Ill. William H. Thomas 33rd was elected as its first M. P. Sovereign Grand Commander. This United Supreme Council for the
Southern and Western Masonic Jurisdiction has continued to meet regularly since 1869 down to the present time and Ill. Otis F. Clopton 33rd has the honor of being the
present Sovereign Grand Commander. At one time there existed in this country, as late as 1881, five Supreme Councils among
"Colored Masons", all claiming the right and
authority to confer the several degrees and establish bodies of the Ancient Accepted Scottish Rite (A.A.S.R.) throughout the Americas. These Original 5 Supreme Councils
operated independently of each other during their time of existence. And
unlike today, members then could have membership in more than one Masonic Jurisdiction at the
same time
. Unfortunately that crossing over of Jurisdictions was the ground floor for the problems we have today with so many different Masonic Orders, causing infighting
and unhealthy competition for membership, many times the same members.
The Five Original Prince Hall Supreme Councils were...

                                                       1) 1854 King David Supreme Council in Philadelphia with David Leary.

                                                       2) 1864 United States Supreme Council in New York with Peter W. Ray.

                                                       3) 1869 Southern & Western Supreme Council in Washington with William H. Thomas.

                                                      4) 1870 Southern Supreme Council in Baltimore with Lemuel G. Griffin.

                                                     5) 1871 King Frederick Supreme Council in Philadelphia with Joshua D. Kelley.

The constant discourse and lack of Masonic Harmony caused the separate groups of Supreme Councils to come together for a very important meeting to resolved their
differences on jurisdiction and membership
in New York on January 13, 1881, and was responsible for the Articles of Union. The results of this meeting proclaimed the
following: We do hereby make it known unto you that there are
Only Two Regular and Legal Supreme Councils of the thirty-third and last degree of the A. A. S. Rite of
Freemasonry among
Colored Masons in the United States of America. King David Supreme Council in Philadelphia will Unite with the  United States Supreme Council to
form the
United Supreme Council of the Ancient Accepted Scottish Rite of Freemasonry for the Northern Masonic Jurisdiction of the United States of America; with it's Holy
See at the Grand Orient of Philadelphia, in the State of Pennsylvania, to be presided over by the Ill. George W. Roper, 33 rd, M. P. Sov. Grand Commander
(Completed on
April 9th, 1881
.) The other Supreme Council will have it's Holy See at the Grand Orient of Washington, in the District of Columbia (D.C.), and it will be the Southern and
Western United Supreme Councils
to be presided over by the Ill. Thornton A. Jackson, 33rd (Completed on January 27th, 1887). These two Supreme Councils of the thirty-
third degree are
the only true, lawful and legitimate Supreme Councils among colored Masons in the United States of America, with relations of correspondence and amity
established and the appointment by each of a Grand Representative near the other. In compliance with the Grand Constitutions of 1786, regularly organized and opened a
Supreme Council of the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite for the Southern and Western Masonic Jurisdiction, United States of America. William H. Thomas 33rd was
elected its first M. P. Sovereign Grand Commander; and this United Supreme Council for the Southern and Western Masonic Jurisdiction has continued to meet regularly
since 1869 down to the present time w
here the Ill. Otis F. Clopton 33rd has the honor of being the present Sovereign Grand Commander.
Evidence that All 5 Original Supreme Councils Were Related:
Supreme Councils can only be set up by another Supreme Council. This Supreme Council has never set up nor authorized any other Supreme Councils. There are several
Southern and Western United Supreme Councils and other organizations which use our corporate name and our history. Respectfully I must submit to you that there has
only been one United Supreme Council Southern and Western Jurisdiction registered in Washington, DC since its formation in 1869, with the first members starting in 1856
from the conferring of degrees from King David Supreme Council. King David Supreme Council was set up by Count de St. Laurent 33rd of the Supreme Council of France.
It in turn conferred the degrees on Washington, DC members in 1856 and set up the Southern and Western Supreme Council in 1869. Then the United States Supreme
Council was set up by Baron A. Hugo de Bulow 33rd also a member of the Grand Orient of France. It in turn set up the Southern Supreme Council at Baltimore, MD. in  
1870. The Southern Supreme Council set up the King Frederick Supreme Council in 1871. The United Supreme Council Southern and Western Jurisdiction of the United
States and Canada is an incorporated non–profit corporation and has been since October of 1895 in good standing in Washington, DC and it is now a 501 C-10 tax exempt
charitable organization. It would appear that some organizations get copies of our corporation papers and  illegally tell their members a bogus story that it's their corporation
papers; however, our pedigree has withstood the test of time and will continue...
NOTE:
The year 1900 is when the Imperial Grand Council Ancient Egyptian Arabic Order Nobles of the Mystic Shrine
(PHA) split from our Imperial Grand Council Ancient ArabicOrder Nobles of the Mystic Shrine.
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                    1895 The Year That Tore Prince Hall Masonry Apart
                 1895 is when the Supreme Councils of the Southern Jurisdiction (PHA)          
                                and the Southern and Western Jurisdiction formally split

As earlier stated many members belonged to both Jurisdictions simultaneously and continued to have a
difference in opinion in the direction Masonry should go. Further research indicates that when you
look at the office of M. P. Sov. Grand Commander you will see that between 1875 and 1895 the office
of M. P. Sov. Grand Commander was rotated between members of the Southern Supreme Council and
the Southern and Western Supreme Council. Hence, in
October of 1895 John G. Jones became M. P.
Sov. Grand Commander of the
United Supreme Council Southern and Western Jurisdiction and
Thornton A. Jackson was the Sov. Grand Commander of the
United Supreme Council Southern
Jurisdiction
. John G. Jones and Thornton A. Jackson fell out of favor with one another causing John
G. Jones to expel Thornton A. Jackson from the United Supreme Council Southern and Western
Jurisdiction and likewise Thornton A. Jackson expelled John G. Jones from the United Supreme
Council Southern Jurisdiction. These actions later gave birth to what is refereed to as "3 letter and 4
letter Black/Colored Masons," and has been an unnecessary dividing factor for over 100 years; keeping
good men with like attainments at odds with each other as oppose to uniting them and their resources
for the common cause of good. Masons teach that Harmony is the Strength in Establishing All
societies, Most Especially Masons. Isn't it time to move pass these petty idiosyncrasies and work
together to build a better tomorrow by Meeting on the Level, Acting on the Plumb, & Parting on the
Square? Since 1895, there has been a circle of contention among the members of all creeds trying to
claim ownership of Freemasonry. Freemasonry is based on the belief in a Universal Creator.
Freemasonry has NO boundaries within its existence. Having no boundaries, Freemasonry has found
itself not bound by letters, jurisdiction, race, creed, religion, or color. There are over 100 different
Masonic Rites. To own Freemasonry is like trying to own the Holy Bible. We All serve A Universal God
in a Universal Brotherhood, it is the common thread or cable-tow that runs through All Masonic
literature, lessons, and rites; binding us all as ONE.                                    ILL. Byron K. Amerson
33°
President Generals of the G. G. M. C.

ILL B.H.Stillyard; Wheeling, W. Va.; 1914-1916

ILL Henry Broads; Homestead, PA.;1916-1918

ILL Chas. Mitchell; San Antonio, TX.;1918-1925

ILL G. C. Williams; Shreveport, LA.;1925-1936

ILL J. C. Parker; Detroit, MI.;1936-1958

ILL T. J. Hawkins; Shreveport, LA.;1958-1977

ILL. Robert L. Johnson Los Angeles, CA.
1977-1987

ILL Ollie Spencer Sr.; Washington, D.C.;1987-1998

ILL Jake Thomas; Baltimore, MD.; 1998-2010.

ILL Ollie Spencer Sr.; Washington, D.C.; 2010-Pres.
Est. in June of 1847
The General Grand Masonic Congress
is affiliated with
THE
UNITED SUPREME COUNCIL
AND THE HISTORY OF THE ANCIENT
ACCEPTED SCOTTISH RITE FOR THE
33RD AND LAST  DEGREE OF
FREEMASONRY FOR THE
SOUTHER AND WESTERN
MASONIC JURISDICTION U.S. A.
GRAND ORIENT WASHINGTON D. C.



Masonic Historian: ILL. OLLIE SPENCER, Sr. 33rd D.C.
President General Emeritus General Grand Masonic
Congress of A. F. & A. M. Of the U. S. A. and Canada
Holy See Washington D. C.


ILL. John G. Jones 33rd
(Click Link to See)

"Sweeping Victory on Feb. 1, 1910"
For the Legal Masons in the U. S. of A.
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